Tanjungbalai (Indonesian: Kota Tanjungbalai), formerly Tanjungbalai-Asahan is a city in North Sumatra province, Indonesia, on the estuary of the Asahan River. It has an area of 58 square kilometres (22 sq mi) and the 5th largest kota population in North Sumatra with 154,426 inhabitants in the 2010 census. The town has a ferry terminal with services to Port Klang, Malaysia, and the city-island of Singapore. It was formerly a district of Asahan Regency until it was elevated to city status, but the tag "Asahan" is still used to distinguish it from the port of the same name on Great Karimun island.
The administrative center of North Sumatra is located in the city Medan, governed by a Governor. Earlier, North Sumatra, including Sumatra province in Indonesia shortly became independent in 1945. In 1950, North Sumatra Province was formed that includes former residency of East Sumatra, Tapanuli, and Aceh. In 1956, Aceh split off into Aceh.
North Sumatra is a multi-ethnic province. The Malaqqan peoples are regarded as the native people of this province. The Javanese resides around Deli Serdang Regency, including Medan, while the West coast of province is mainly inhabited the Pakpak, Mandailing and Minangkabau peoples. The central region around Lake Toba, is predominantly inhabited by the Batak peoples. The Nias people reside mostly in Nias Island and the surrounding islands. With the opening of tobacco plantations in East Sumatra during the Dutch East India era, the colonial government employed many contract laborers for plantations. The newcomers were Chinese refugees, who were welcomed in Sumatra.
As for percentage, the Batak make up 44,95% out of all population, including Batak Karo and Mandailing. The Javanese comes as second with 30,62%, the Malay add up to 5,92% and next is the Chinese with 5,75%. Nias people make up around 4,10% and the rest are Minangkabau (2,66%), Acehnese (1,27%), Indian (0,80%) and other ethnic groups (1,15%)
The province is famous for its plantation area, until now, the plantation economy of the province remains to be excellent. The plantations are managed by private companies and the state. SOE Plantation area is located in North Sumatra, among others PT Perkebunan Nusantara II (PTPN II), PTPN IV and PTPN III.
Besides North Sumatra is also famous for its plantation area. Until now, the plantation economy of the province remains to be excellent. The plantations are managed by private companies also the state. North Sumatra produces rubber, cocoa, tea, palm oil, coffee, cloves, coconut, cinnamon, and tobacco. The plantation is spread in East coast area such as Deli Serdang, Serdang Bedagai Langkat, Simalungun, Asahan, Labuhan Batu, and also around west coast: Central and South Tapanuli.
The size of rice farming. In 2005 the total area of 807.302 hectares of crops stay, or down about 16.906 hectares compared to 2004 reaching vast 824.208 hectares. The productivity of rice plants in 2005 was able to be increased to 43.49 quintals per hectare ranges from 2004 are still 43.13 quintals per hectare, and the rice crop fields change into 26.26 quintals of 24.73 quintals per hectare. In 2005, the rice surplus in North Sumatra reached 429 tons from about 1/2/27 million tonnes of total rice production in this area.
The size of rubber plantations. In 2002 the total area of rubber plantations in Sumatra is 489.491 hectares with a production of 443.743 tonnes. While in 2005, the area under rubber decreased or stayed 477,000 hectares with production also dropped to only 392,000 tons.
Irrigation: The size of technical irrigation entirely in North Sumatra is 132.254 ha that covers an area of 174 irrigation site. A total of 96.823 ha at 7 Irrigation area is very critical damage.
occupy the area), and also the main access point to the Gunung Leuser National Park from the east side.
Nias Island is an island off the western coast of Sumatra. Nias is an internationally popular surfing destination of which many international surfing competitions are hold. The best known surfing area is Sorake Bay, close to the town of Teluk Dalam, on the southern tip. This is enclosed by the beaches of Lagundri and Sorake. Tourists can visit the island by plane from Medan, or by ferry from Sibolga.
Bawomataluo village is a settlement in Teluk Dalam of the South Nias Regency of Indonesia. The village was built on a flat-topped hill, the name Bawomataluo meaning "Sun Hill", and is one of the best-preserved villages built in traditional style.
Berastagi is a small highland town located 63 kilometers to the south of Medan, and is a popular weekend destination for city dwellers due to its chilled and fresh mountain air.
Dolok Tinggi Raja has a unique soil color is white because it is located in a limestone hill that resembles snow, and also in the middle of this area there are lakes with hot blue-green colored water, located in Tinggi Raja, Simalungun.
Lumbini Natural Park is a Buddhist Theravada-style temple that is similar to Shwedagon Pagoda in Myanmar located in Berastagi.
Dua Warna Waterfall is a two-coloured waterfall located in Sibolangit, around 30 km from Medan city .
Poncan Island is a resort including a beach, located on west offshore of Sibolga city.
Berhala Island is a 2,5 hectares island located in the Malaka Strait near the boundary of Indonesia and Malaysia. It is a popular place for snorkeling and watching turtle nesting. Visitors can reach the island via boat from Sergei in the Serdang Bedagai regency.
Sipisopiso, one of the highest waterfalls in Indonesia, is located near Tongging in Karo regency, about 1 hour drive from Berastagi.
Simalem Resort, is a 5 star resort located around 8 km from Munthe village, Karo Regency. This place is the good place for sighseeing the whole Lake Toba from top of the hill.